Network Topology

The term network topology is, refers to the way a network is laid out, either physically or logically. The topology of a network is the geometric representation of the relationship between the links and linking devices (called nodes). There are five basic topologies possible: Combining these topologies, a more complex hybrid network topology can be created.

The topology of a particular network can be chosen depending upon the relative status of each device in the network. A peer-to-peer relationship, where each node has equal importance and make equal use of each link lends itself to a ring, mesh or bus topology. Where there is a 'master-slave' or primary-secondary relationship between one device and the rest then the star, tree or bus topologies best fit.

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