Friday, August 7, 2009

News Line - LTTE Leder KP Arrested in Thailand

Thai Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva has ordered a probe over reports that KP, the new head of the LTTE was arrested in Thailand. - Media Sri Lanka.

Aug 07, Colombo: The new LTTE leader Kumaran Padmanadan alias KP has been arrested by the Sri Lankan law enforcement authorities in Bangkok, the Sri Lankan military announced a short while ago.

KP, the Most Wanted terrorist for the International Police (Interpol) on two warrants was the arms procurement agent for the LTTE. He was evading international law enforcement authorities and reportedly hiding in Thailand.

KP took the leadership of the LTTE after the death of its leader Velupillai Prabhakaran. Prabhakaran was killed by the Sri Lankan security forces in the final battle in May.

Pathmanathan alias KP was an international arms smuggler who procured massive loads of weapons worth billions of dollars for the terrorist organization that ravaged a deadly war for 30 years. He was involved in arms smuggling operations across Asia, Canada, US and Europe.

After the death of Prabhakaran and the Sri Lankan government wiped out the LTTE in the country, KP rallied the support of Tamil Diaspora in Western countries and took the reins as their leader claiming to continue the struggle politically.

News Line - LTTE Leder KP Arrested in Thailand

Kumaran Pathmanathan (KP) who was arrested has been brought to colombo for questioning says
High ranking Military sources Sri Lanka

D.B.S. Jeyaraj on how the LTTE's new chief, Selvarasa Pathmanathan, widely known as 'KP', was apprehended in South-East Asia and brought to Colombo. Wanted for alleged "cross-border terrorist activities of the Liberation Tigers of the Tamil Eelam," KP is now in the custody of the Sri Lankan law enforcement authorities.

COMPETITIVENESS OF THE SRI LANKAN GARMENT INDUSTRY

The competitive strength of the Sri Lankan garment industry is based on cheap labour, a literate labour force, high labour standards, investment-friendly government policies and strategic shipping lanes. On the other hand, there are also competitive disadvantages, such as long lead times, weak marketing, lack of product development and low labor productivity partly due to outdated technology.

In 1983, Sri Lanka experienced civil conflict and many foreign investors, including foreign garment industrialists, shied away from the country. Some moved to Bangladesh; others moved to newly emerging low labor-cost East Asian countries, such as Cambodia and Viet Nam. Labor costs were comparatively low in these countries and, by the mid-1990s, Sri Lanka could no longer compete on the basis of low-cost labour and measures had to be taken to improve the productivity of the sector. Low productivity has offset to some extent the low labour-cost advantage of Sri Lanka.


A study on the productivity of the garment sector shows that there are a number of issues pertaining to low labor productivity in the garment industry and that there is substantial room for improvement (Kelegama and Epaarachchi, 2002). One area that requires upgrading is the development of human skills to deal with the technological changes taking place in the garment industry. To meet the growing demand for semiskilled workers in the industry, two training institutions, viz, the Textile Training Center and Service Center and the Clothing Industry Training Institute came into operation, both in 1984. In addition, a private sector training institute, the Phoenix Clothing Training Institute, was established in 1998.

THE GARMENT INDUSTRY IN SRI LANKA

When Sri Lanka liberalized its economy in 1977, the country’s garment
industry took off immediately, mainly as a result of quota-hopping East Asian garment exporters who were attracted by the country’s liberal trade regime and relocated their already well-established garment businesses to Sri Lanka. This relocation encourage local entrepreneurs to start their own garment enterprises to exploit markets guaranteed by quotas, assisted by the liberal trade regime for importation, and subsequently, incentives granted by the Board of Investment (BOI) to selected industries.1 Paradoxically, protectionism in the form of MFA quotas helped Sri Lanka and many other developing countries to develop their export-oriented garment industries by insulating them from direct competition from established producers.



Sri Lanka did not have a well-developed export-quality textile industry base; neither did it have a base for garment industry accessories. Thus, from the very beginning, garment production was based on imported inputs and the value added remained low – close to 30 per cent. By about the early 1980s, garment exports were growing rapidly and by 1986 garments accounted for the largest share of all exports (27 per cent). By the late 1980s, garment industry in Sri Lanka was referred to as “glorified tailor shops” because, despite a decade of growth, its links with other industries remained low and the value added remained low as before.



In 1992, BOI came into operation. BOI offered an attractive incentive package to entice garment producers to move to rural areas of Sri Lanka under the so-called 200 Garment Factory Programme (GFP). A textile quota board was established in the same year to streamline the allocation of quotas for the garment industry, including those coming under the 200 GFP. This Programme enticed well-established garment producers to open a rural branch and, in addition, new enterprises with no background in garment production came into operation to make use of the quotas. Under GFP, 154 factories were in operation and 6 factories had closed down or been merged by 1996 (Heward, 1997, p. 12). By 1992, the garment industry had become the
largest foreign exchange earner in the country (US$ 400 million) – overtaking the tea
industry.

By 2002, Sri Lanka’s textile and garment sector accounted for 6 per cent of GDP, 39 per cent of industrial production, 33 per cent of manufacturing employment, 52 per cent of total exports and 67 per cent of industrial exports.

The Global Textile and Clothing Industry

I. INTRODUCTION

The garment industry in Sri Lanka expanded rapidly after the liberalization of the economy in 1977. During the 1990s, the garment industry grew at 18.5 per cent per annum. The export-led expansion of the industry led to the replacement of tea by garments as the nation’s largest foreign exchange earner. Moreover, the industry has been contributing to the livelihood of nearly 1.2 million people. However, the boom.

period for the industry is gradually coming to an end, with the quota system having ended on 1 January 2005, regional trading blocs and bilateral free trade agreements proliferating and governing nearly 33 per cent of global trade, and China emerging as a major supplier of garments at very competitive rates. The Sri Lankan garment industry is now gearing itself to face these challenges.

This paper provides a broad overview of the industry and analyzes how the industry is preparing itself to meet the global challenges. Section 2 provides a brief overview of the garment industry in Sri Lanka. Section 3 gives a broad picture of the competitiveness of the Sri Lankan garment industry.

Tag

Assignment Lanka Tag Cloud
Computer Networks The History of Local Area Networks, LAN, The Topologies of a Networks, LANs describe different types of transmission Medias, Local Area Networks Access Methods, Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detect, Development of LAN Technologies. LAN -Token Ring, LAN Ethernet Digital, LAN - Ethernet Sun microsystems, LAN - Ethernet Mixed Environment, LAN - Token Ring was introduced by IBM LAN - IBM implementation of Token Ring, Token Ring Novell, LAN Token Ring - in a mixed environment, LAN - Fiber Distributed Data Interface, LAN - ATM, LAN Components, LAN Switching Methods, Virtual Local Area Network, Port based VLAN, Mac based VLAN, Protocol based VLAN, User Base VLAN, PC networks Components, PC networks Shared resources, PC Network operating systems, PC networks Novell Netware, PC networks Windows NT, PC networks IBM LAN Server Computer Programming Languages HTML Language, The Generations of Programming Languages, Different types of High Level Languages, Different types of High Level Languages Disadvantages
Computer Networks - IBM LAN Server, Windows NT Networks, Novell Netware, Network operating systems, Networks Shared, Networks Components, User Base, Protocol based, Mac based, Port based, VLAN, LAN Switching, LAN Components, ATM, Fiber Data, Token Ring, Token Ring Novell, IBM implementation, Ethernet, Sun microsystems, Ethernet Digital, Token passing, LAN Technologies, CSMA/CD, Access Methods, Transmission, Networks, The History of Local Area Networks, LAN